For maintaining a healthy life for all age’s people, a balanced diet and participation in regular exercise play an important role. Regular exercise and healthy diet among superiors can make even more noticeable effects on their general welfare.
As a result of the healthy lifestyle, many diseases can be prevented or slower than in the seniors. Arthritis, osteoporosis, heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressures, high cholesterol, depression, dementia, and certain cancers are some of the common conditions which can be positively modified in the senior citizens through regular exercise, healthy diet, and other simple lifestyle changes. Other than the attributes mentioned in the article you can also visit myaarpmedicare.com to get all the details about insurance and other medical-related services.
What are the few common facts regarding health in senior citizens?
- As people are old, their body changes in the form of the natural part of aging.
- Due to aging, physical changes can occur in almost every part of the body which can affect the health and lifestyle of the seniors.
- In the elderly, some conditions and diseases become more prominent.
- Psychological problems may also play an important role in the mental and physical health of seniors.
As we age, what changes occur in the body?
A lot of changes occur in the body as we age. These changes are not necessarily indications of any underlying illness, but they can disturb the person. Although the aging process cannot be stopped, being aware of these changes and adopting a healthy lifestyle can reduce their effect on overall health.
The expected physical changes of aging include:
- Skin: Due to aging, the skin becomes less flexible, thin, and more delicate. Easy bruising is observable, and age spots, wrinkles, and skin tags can be more pronounced. Skin will become more itchy and dry due to this less natural skin oil production.
- Bones, Joints, and Muscles: Bones usually lose density and shrink in shape, making them more sensitive to fracture. The muscles are shrunk in the mass and become weak. Joints may be suffered from wear and tear; joints become swollen, less flexible, and painful.
- Balance and Mobility: The balance and mobility of a person can be influenced by the various age changes. Bone, joint, and muscular issues listed above in combination with changes in the nervous system are major contributors to balancing issues. Falls can result in further damage to injury and fracture.
- Memory: Memory problems in seniors are common. However, it is important to realize that small memory problems are not constituted dementia or Alzheimer’s disease. Simpler reduction of memory like to remember where you left a key or if you closed the door or not, it is a normal part of aging.
What are the most common conditions and diseases senior citizens face as they age?
Medical issues in the elderly can be involved in any organ system in the body. In most circumstances, the result is decreased or the degeneration of the organs involved.
The medical conditions commonly encountered in the seniors based on organ system are listed below:
- Hormonal: Menopause, diabetes (impaired control of blood glucose), thyroid dysfunction, slower overall metabolism, high blood cholesterol.
- Musculoskeletal: Osteoporosis (bone loss), osteoarthritis (due to wear and tear inflammation of joints), gout, fractures, loss of muscle mass.
- Visual: Glaucoma, macular degeneration, cataracts, diabetes, and hypertension-related eye disease.
- Neurologic: Parkinson’s disease, dementia (Alzheimer or other types), strokes, hearing impairment, poor vision, balance issue.
How does Social Issues affect the life and health of seniors?
Social issues can have a major effect on life and can affect both the mental and physical health of seniors. Some of the key contributors to social and psychological issues for the seniors are as follows:
- Loneliness after losing a life partner and friends.
- Inability to manage the regular activities of life independently.
- The difficulty confronting and accepting the physical changes of aging.
- Frustration with the regular medical issues and the increasing number of medicines.
- Social isolation in the form of adult children is engaged in their own lives.
What are the lifestyle changes seniors can make to lead a healthy life as they age?
Some of the important lifestyle changes can make to lead a healthier life in the seniors includes:
- Limited alcohol to one drink per day.
- Smoking cessation.
- Using skin moisturizers and sun protection.
- Flossing and brushing teeth once or twice in a day.
- Be active in self-service and take part in decision making.
- A regular visit to the primary care physician.
Is exercise essential in the health of the elderly?
Regular physical activity and exercise can help to manage or prevent various types of health issues in the elderly.
Heart disease, high cholesterol, diabetes, osteoporosis, muscular weakness, some cancers, depression, and stroke are some of the common medical conditions that can be very beneficial to the patient by performing physical activity and effective exercise.
Many health benefits of exercise for seniors include:
- Maintaining weight and burning off extra calories.
- Improve good cholesterol ratio from bad cholesterol.
- Creating physical endurance.
- Optimization of the heart, lungs and vascular system healthy.